Oxford Jewish Casualties in the First World War ; Three Mysteries

Published in Oxford Menorah Magazine, issue 212, September 2014, pp. 24-5 and reproduced here with the kind permission of the author

Harold Pollins

There is  a brief reference, in David Lewis's  The Jews of Oxford (1992),  to Oxford Jews (residents and students) who died in the armed forces in the First World War.  He explains that Louis Freedson, the secretary for the resident section of the congregation, suggested in 1919 that there should be a war memorial. This idea was taken up by the secretary of the student organisation, the Adler Society, who appealed for information about  fatalities among members of the university. Lewis comments: 'the response was evidently unsatisfactory, and the plaque which eventually resulted had no names'. That plaque is in the synagogue.  He then goes on to say that his own incomplete figures suggest a death roll of ten to  twelve  and gives the names of two University members – Robert Sebag-Montefiore and Frank Woolf Haldinstein. He adds the name of one resident, Victor Zacharias Jessel, the youngest son of the well-known Joel Zacharias.
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Jews in the Oxford 1861 Census Pt1

The Oxford Jewish Heritage Committee is grateful to two members of the OJC who have made us aware of some entries in the 1861 England Census for Oxford City that might be of interest;

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Jews In the Oxford 1861 Census Pt 2

Further to the earlier article describing the history of a (probable) Jew living in Oxford’s Cornmarket St in mid 19th century Oxford, the same correspondents also noted the presence of a Family Wolf, also Jewellers and residing nearby at 30½ Cornmarket St.  The ½ implies that they are living in the upper part of the house over a shop.

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Book

 

 

The Jews of Oxford

 

David M Lewis

Past Professor of Ancient History in the University of Oxford

Past President of Oxford Jewish Congregation & Oxford University Jewish Society

Published 1992 by The Alden press, Oxford

Jews started returning to Oxford in the time of Cromwell and, although the community has never been a major one among the provincial Jewish communities of England, the presence of the University has always been a distinguishing and interesting feature.

In this new history, written for the celebrations of the hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the modern Oxford Jewish Congregation, David Lewis collects the evidence for eighteenth century Jewish settlement in Oxford and describes the establishment of the nineteenth century community and its trading patterns. This community died out, and attention shifts to the Jewish undergraduates and the tensions between those who were trying to evolve an Anglo-Jewish identity and those who saw the only future for Jewish life in Zionism. In the Second World War the community was transformed by the arrival of German refugees and evacuation lrom London, and the problems of the expanded community under wartime strains get a frank and detailed treatment. Later chapters sketch the development of the remains of this wartime community into its present form of a mixed business and professional community, unique in the way in which it caters for all forms of Jewish religious observance.

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lewis1

ISBN 0 9519253 0 X

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Book

Then and Now

A Collection of Recollections

Collected and Compiled by Freda Silver Jackson

Published 1992 by the Oxford Jewish Congregation

A miscellany of fascinating reminiscences of Jewish People in Oxford. Contributors include some of the most illustrious personalities in the academic world as well as business people, refugees, war-time evacuees, graduates, undergraduates and residents whose collective recollections span more than 75 years.

'Then and Now' is published to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Oxford Jewish Community and is certain to be of interest to anyone and everyone who has passed through Oxford at any time since 1914.

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ISBN 0 9519253 1 8

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